Such adaptation may be beneficial in an era of increasingly erratic weather events. Victor Pintilie. Some differences in locomotion between fish highlight more specific adaptations to individual ecologic niches. Variation of Environmental Adaptation. Forked or indented tails are seen in fish that rely on swimming rapidly for long periods of time. This chapter describes the general characteristics, organization, composition, and functioning of the microbial habitats—planktonic, sediment or … It's no accident that protoplasm, a substance found in every living cell, strongly resembles seawater. This is the situation in the natural world organisms inhabit. Mother Nature is a very stubborn character. Plants which live in extreme environments have adaptations to control their transpiration rate. That’s what it takes for life to survive. They do not need adaptations to conserve water as desert plants. Microorganisms are the key components of aquatic environment. Aquatic organisms use adaptations, or special traits that help them survive in an environment, to stay at homeostasis, which is a fancy word for being at balance. Plants modified to cope with a lack of water are called xerophytes. The Three Types of Environmental Adaptations. This is an example of convergent evolution: the adaptive evolution of similar structures in unrelated species to the same environment. ... native species are adapted to extreme fluctuations (16). Water plants have no problem of water shortage. Every living thing has adapted to fit with where it lives. The ability to adapt to underwater environments. She always tries to conquer whatever harsh environment the relentless forces of our planet have managed to create, and it is in such extreme conditions where the ingenuity of the natural world can be admired most. The ancient Greek philosopher Heraclitus originated the theory that things are constantly changing -- and the saying, "The only constant is change," is attributed to him. Aquatic organisms live in water and have adaptations to … Most modifications are adaptations to very dry (arid) environments. Amphibian Adaptations. An adaptation is a behavioral, structural, or physiological trait that increases a species’ chance of survival in a specific environment. 10 Animal Adaptations To Hostile Environments. Discuss how adaptations allowed plants to move from an aquatic environment to the variety of habitats they inhabit today. For amphibians, limbs and lungs were two of the most important adaptations as the former helped them move around without having to depend on the buoyancy of water, and latter replaced the gills to facilitate respiration. Aquatic environments include inland surface water, seas, and ground water. 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